3 1 introduction perceptual epenthesis is when listeners perceive a vowel between consonant sequences that are illicit in their native language. Indirect: loanword adaptations are influenced rather than computed by phonological grammar in the sense that phonology determines which sounds and sound structures are available for the non-native ones to map onto (peperkamp, vendelin & nakamura. In submission special issue on loanwords, lingua vowel epenthesis in loanword adaptation: phonological and phonetic considerations yvan rose katherine demuth. 1 phonological scansion in loanword adaptation evidence from english loans in burmese charles b chang university of california, berkeley seals xvii ~ 2 september 2007. Mismatching systems: l2 and loanword phonology summary to a first approximation, l2 phonology can be modeled as using native-like urs, but inappropriately applying the l1 phonological grammar.
Cantonese loanword phonology 263 my analysis is framed in terms of optimality theory as laid out in the work of prince and smolensky (1991a, 1991b, 1992. This vowel epenthesis is one of the puzzling cases in loanword adaptations in that it is not entirely explained either by the native phonology or by the perceptual similarity. Group, vowel epenthesis is employed as a repair strategy to salvage an extrasyl- labic consonant second, paragoge is applicable in loanwords ending with a single. Vowel epenthesis in japanese loanword adaptation 1 cristina bălan abstract: it is a generally accepted idea that vowel epenthesis is the main strategy used to repair illicit.
The relationship between the perception of non-native phonotactics and loanword adaptation phonology 24: 261-286 vowel epenthesis in loanword adaptation. Loanword phonology, lexical exceptions catjl 11, 2012 131 interestingly enough, vowel reduction to [ % ] underapplies as well in productive derived forms with an unstressed vowel, also located in the initial syllable of the. Vowel epenthesis in loanword adaptation: representational and phonetic considerations recent developments at the phonetics/phonology interface have generated renewed interest in the mechanisms of loanword adaptation, raising questions about the possible representational versus phonetic underpinnings of this process.
In work on loanword adaptations, cases of vowel copy in epenthesis have been explained as a result of the spreading of phonological features from the preceding vowel onto the epenthetic vowel (ie, vowel harmony), for instance, in shona, sranan, and samoan (uffmann, 2006 23 uffmann, c (2006. 84 juhee lee in the first significant study, silverman (1992), put forward a concrete model of loanword phonology with a perceptual level added to the loanword input. More examples of sound changes and vowel epenthesis, due to one ore both constraints, are given in (2) (2)# in (1-2) we see that /u, o, i/ are in use as epenthetic vowels. Vowel epenthesis (rather than deletion) is a common process in loanword adaptation in order to satisfy constraints on phonotactics and syllable structure in the borrowing language: (1) yoruba k.
A variation in illusion : vowel epenthesis after and submits it to a bevy of phonological, semantic or even syntactic loanword adaptation and vowel epenthesis. In work on loanword adaptations, cases of vowel copy in epenthesis have been explained as a result of the spreading of phonological features from the preceding vowel onto the epenthetic vowel (ie, vowel harmony), for instance, in shona, sranan, and samoan (uffmann, 2006), and sesotho (rose and demuth, 2006. Vowel epenthesis is a widespread and well-known means of resolving consonant clusters the focus of this paper is on a pattern of epenthesis common in loanword adaptation and. We examine whether the existence of l1 loanword representations, which clearly contain epenthetic vowels, could enhance vowel epenthesis, and whether knowledge in the l2 could play a role in maintaining native-like representations (ie, those with no epenthetic vowel) during perception. This is resolved either through deletion, in the case of word-external hiatus, or through vowel allomorphy or epenthesis when word-internal word external in cases where vv occurs at a word boundary, v1v2 -- v1.
Phonological differences between these two languages are as follows: english allows complex onsets, syllable codas and complex syllable nuclei (long vowels and diphthongs), while ikalanga, like most other bantu languages. Under this view, loanword phonology is the native phonology, plus one extra element, namely a family of mimic constraints we will see this in action later in the paper. Loanword research has traditionally viewed this process as a purely phonological one, with the input being the form of the word in the donor language, the output the form in the borrowing language, and the differences between the two grammars resulting in the. Shoji and shoji vowel epenthesis and consonant deletion in japanese loanwords from english 2 according to the observation of the vowel systems in languages in the world, the five-vowel system.
Arabic loanword adaptation in hausa and optimality theory in section 2, the loanword adaptations in languages depend on two repair strategies ie vowel epenthesis and consonant deletion, while in english loanword adaptation in hausa is done by epenthesis and consonant deletion. The relationship between the perception of non-native phonotactics and loanword adaptation phonology 24 a sound change with l2 origins: word-final vowel epenthesis.
(a) phonological reasoning: if loanword epenthesis is not a product of the ur-sr mapping, there is no contradiction between non-loan phonology (deletion) and loanword adaptation (epenthesis. Increased perceptual epenthesis correlated with increased identification of a segment as voiceless, indicating a joint perception of voicelessness and an epenthetic vowel also, rate of epenthesis increased with accuracy of detecting sibilants and coronal segments, sounds characterized by salient consonant noise. In all languages analyzed, default epenthesis exists alongside vowel harmony and spreading from adjacent consonants while different languages prefer different strategies, these strategies are subject to the same set of constraints, however.